Alpha Hydroxy Acid Benefits for Skin

Alpha-hydroxy acids, also called AHAs, are a class of acids derived from plants and animals used in many skincare products. These include everyday anti-aging products like serums, toners, creams, and more intensive treatments like chemical peels.

Following are Alpha Hydroxy Acid benefits for the skin:

1- Skin Exfoliation

AHAs are mainly used to exfoliate your skin, which is the foundation for all other benefits AHAs offer.

Exfoliation is when the dead skin cells on the surface shed off and make way for new skin cell generation.

With aging, your natural skin cell cycle slows down, making dead skin cells cluster. Too many dead skin cells accumulate and make your complexion look dull. It can also enhance the following skin conditions:

  • Wrinkles
  • Age spots
  • Acne

Not all AHAs are the same for exfoliation, and the type of AHA you use determines how much exfoliation you get. As a general rule, the more AHAs in a product, the more the exfoliating effects.

2- Brighten skin

Dead skin cells are broken down when AHAs exfoliate your skin. As a result, the new skin that emerges is brighter and more radiant. Glycolic acid in AHAs can help break down skin cell accumulation, while citric acid in products can brighten your skin even more.

3- Promote Collagen Production

Collagen is a protein-rich fiber that helps to keep your skin smooth and plump. These fibers break down as you get older, and sun exposure may accelerate collagen destruction, resulting in sallow, sagging skin.

Collagen is found in the dermis, which is the middle layer of your skin. When the upper layer or epidermis is removed, products such as AHAs can work better on the dermis. AHAs also promote collagen production by eradicating old collagen fibers to make new ones.

4- Reduce Surface Lines and Wrinkles

AHAs are famous for their anti-aging effects, and surface lines are no exception. One study reported that 9 out of 10 people who used AHAs over three weeks experienced significant improvements in overall skin texture.

However, it is essential to remember that AHAs only work for surface lines and wrinkles, not deeper wrinkles. The only methods for deep wrinkles are professional fillers from a doctor and other procedures such as laser resurfacing.

5- Improves Blood Flow 

 Alpha Hydroxy Acids have anti-inflammatory properties that can aid in promoting blood flow to the skin, which can help correct pale and dull complexions. Proper blood flow also guarantees that skin cells get the vital nutrients needed via oxygen-rich red blood cells.

6- Minimize and Correct Discoloration

Your risk for skin discoloration increases as you age. For instance, flat brown spots, known as age spots or lentigines, may develop due to excessive sun exposure. They usually build on areas of the body exposed to the sun, such as your chest, hands, and face.

Discoloration may also result from:

  • Melasma
  • Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation
  • Acne scars

AHAs promote skin cell turnover, resulting in evenly pigmented new skin cells. Long-term use of AHAs could theoretically reduce skin discoloration by causing old, discolored skin cells to turn over.

Experts usually recommend glycolic acid for discoloration.

7- Treat and Prevent Acne

For stubborn blemishes, you should utilize benzoyl peroxide and other acne-fighting ingredients. AHAs may also help treat and prevent frequent acne.

Usually, acne spots appear when your pores are blocked with a combination of dead skin cells, oil or sebum, and bacteria. Exfoliating with AHAs can help reduce and remove the clog, and ongoing use may also stop future clogs from forming.

AHAs may also diminish the size of enlarged pores, which are commonly seen in acne-prone skin. Furthermore, exfoliating glycolic and lactic acids can lower acne scars by increasing skin cell turnover. Other AHAs are found in some acne products to help soothe inflamed skin. The best part is that AHAs are not just for your face, and you can use AHA products on other acne-prone areas, such as your backside and chest.

However, you must be mindful that it can take two to three months before you start to see significant acne improvements. It is essential to be patient while the products work to relieve acne over time. You also need to use the products consistently, and if you skip daily treatments, it takes longer for the ingredients to work.

It is always best to talk with experts for a better understanding. Book an appointment with the best dermatologist through Marham. 

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